Google fined

The Commission Fines Google for a Third Time: A Turning Point for Competition Enforcement and Digital Platforms?

The European Commission has fined Google €1.49 billion ($1.69 billion) for “abusive practices in online advertising.” That is in addition to the $5 billion and $2.4 billion fines it handed to Google in 2018 and 2017 for other anti-competitive practices. Competition commissioner Margrethe Vestager said Google “shielded itself from competitive pressure” via exclusive advertising

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Legal challenges to UK public bodies: a quick guide

Public bodies in the UK (government departments, regulators, local authorities etc.) are legally accountable for the decisions that they make.  But what does that mean in practical terms to someone looking to raise a legal challenge to a particular decision?  This short blog post provides some very high level guidance

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Abuse of Dominance in the UK Courts

We hear much about cartel damages actions – claims by those harmed when operators in the marketplace have concerted to set prices at an artificially high level, resulting in overpayments and restricted competition in the marketplace. However, another area where it is possible to raise a claim is where an

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All intra-EU BITs to be terminated following the Achmea judgment – what now for EU investor-state arbitration?

by Claire Stockford and Julia Gontarska The Member States of the European Union have agreed to terminate all intra-EU bilateral investment treaties (“BITs”) following the 2018 Achmea judgment in which the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) declared investor-state arbitration clauses in BITs incompatible with EU law.  

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