Google fined

The Commission Fines Google for a Third Time: A Turning Point for Competition Enforcement and Digital Platforms?

The European Commission has fined Google €1.49 billion ($1.69 billion) for “abusive practices in online advertising.” That is in addition to the $5 billion and $2.4 billion fines it handed to Google in 2018 and 2017 for other anti-competitive practices. Competition commissioner Margrethe Vestager said Google “shielded itself from competitive pressure” via exclusive advertising

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CMA’s latest Guidance on Requests for Internal Documents in Merger Investigations

While investigating a merger, the Competition & Markets Authority (‘CMA’) has often requested the merging parties to provide their internal documents, that is, those documents generated internally by an organisation during the ordinary course of its business. These internal documents can include study reports, presentations, emails, hand-written notes etc., irrespective

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Sewage farm and water works

The Creation of a “Super-Regulator” for the Utilities Sector: Moving the Deck Chairs?

Following the Autumn 2018 Budget, the Government has recently launched a consultation on how to encourage greater innovation in the utilities sectors. Amongst those measures is a review by the National Infrastructure Committee (NIC) into the operation of UK regulators and the potential establishment of a multi-sector “super-regulator” for utilities.

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Medical cannabis

Medical cannabis – the evolving law and innovation in treatment

The developing legal approach in the UK to medical cannabis highlights the problems law makers have in responding adequately to clinical and technological advances: especially those that challenge conventional views. This has arguably stifled innovation in medical cannabis research in the UK, and prevented patients from receiving worthwhile treatments. This

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Lobbying Scottish Parliament

Lobbying in Scotland from March 2018 – new rules briefing

The new lobbying rules in Scotland do not just apply to professional lobbyists. Face to face discussions about government functions with Scottish Government ministers, MSPS or senior civil servants will be  caught by the rules.  These discussions will need to be reported on the Lobbying Register. It’s straightforward to use the Lobbying Register but you need to know whether

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Regulating disruptive technology – are you an activist or a sceptic?

In his interview with the FT, published earlier this week, Jochen Homann, president of Germany’s Bundesnetzagentur or Federal Networks Authority, underlines his determination that US tech giants, such as Google and Facebook (and their services, such as Gmail and WhatsApp), should be regulated like conventional telecoms firms.  As he puts

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