Have you considered cooperating with the European Commission on non-cartel/Vertical Agreements?

Two recent European Commission decisions – Nike[1] and Guess[2]are of great significance on the issue of cross-border sales restrictions in the form of geo-blocking – technology that restricts web content based on geographical location. In both cases, the allegations centred on ‘vertical restraint’ allegations – competition restrictions contractually applied at

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Google fined

The Commission Fines Google for a Third Time: A Turning Point for Competition Enforcement and Digital Platforms?

The European Commission has fined Google €1.49 billion ($1.69 billion) for “abusive practices in online advertising.” That is in addition to the $5 billion and $2.4 billion fines it handed to Google in 2018 and 2017 for other anti-competitive practices. Competition commissioner Margrethe Vestager said Google “shielded itself from competitive pressure” via exclusive advertising

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CMA’s latest Guidance on Requests for Internal Documents in Merger Investigations

While investigating a merger, the Competition & Markets Authority (‘CMA’) has often requested the merging parties to provide their internal documents, that is, those documents generated internally by an organisation during the ordinary course of its business. These internal documents can include study reports, presentations, emails, hand-written notes etc., irrespective

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